Security is constantly evolving, especially in today’s fast-paced technologies. It is stated as one of the main reasons companies don’t fully adapt to the cloud, even though many cloud services provide more security than traditional servers ever could.

Of course, Amazon Web Services can be a very secure or a very dangerous environment, depending on the measures you take. While AWS implements many new security measures, it is still quite possible to hack someone’s account.

So, there are some AWS security best practices that you should follow to help make sure that your account remains secure.

Using CloudTrail

CloudTrail is a great tool offered by AWS to track user activity and API usage. Using it allows you to log, continuously monitor, and retain events so you understand exactly what is happening related to API calls throughout your AWS infrastructure.

The log files are stored in an S3 bucket, and you can easily see if there are any unusual API calls, including those made through the AWS Management Console, AWS SDKs, command line tools, and other AWS services.
However, just using CloudTrail with its typical configurations isn’t enough for your AWS security best practices. This is because the log files can be deleted by any attacker who gains access to your account. To protect yourself, you can change a few things.
The first step is to require multifactor authentication to delete the S3 buckets. This way, the hackers cannot simply delete your logs. Also, you can choose to encrypt all the log files, both in flight and at rest.

Identity and Access Management and Multifactor Identification

This one might seem too obvious to mention, but it’s important and often overlooked when thinking about AWS security best practices. Any account that has a console password should have the time-sensitive MFA enabled.

You should also use AWS’s Identity and Access Management (IAM) in a way that’s best for your security. IAM gives you greater control by allowing you to manage access to all services and resources for your users or groups. There are a number of best practices that are outlined by AWS.

For example, when using IAM, you should attach the policies to groups or roles, not particular individuals. This helps mitigate against a user accidentally gaining permissions or privileges you don’t want them to have.
Using IAM, you have the control to offer minimal access privileges, as well as provision access to a resource rather than a set of credentials. Both of these practices will help protect your resources immensely.
As mentioned before, make sure each IAM user has the multifactor authentication activated to keep out malicious attempts to gain access to your account. To do this, simply open the IAM console and select “users.” Each user with this enabled with have a checkmark in the “MFA Device” column.

You can also choose to use IAM to deny access to a user’s AWS account until they have successfully completed the MFA setup.
Lastly, make sure you have a strong password policy enforced, passwords that must be changed after a certain number of days, and regularly rotate IAM access keys.

Data Security

With Amazon, you have the option of using a number of different databases, such as Amazon RDS, DynamoDB, or ElastiCache. You can also use Amazon’s own S3 services or Elastic Block Store (EBS).

How can you make sure your data stays secure in a database or data storage? AWS security best practices regarding databases should focus on encryption. If using EBS or Amazon relational database services (RDS), make sure to encrypt your data if they aren’t already encrypted at the storage level.

If using Redshift, you should turn on its “audit logging in order to support auditing and post-incident forensic investigations for a given database.” Also, lower your risk of a man-in-the-middle attack in Redshift by enabling require_ssl parameter in all of your clusters. Also, don’t allow easy access to any RDS instances. This helps protect you against things like brute force or DoS attacks.